Turkmenistan celebrates a national public holiday called “Neutrality Day” every 12 December. This is a major holiday in the country and it’s background is the declaration of “permanent neutrality” the occurred in 1995.
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After Turkmenistan broke away from the USSR in 1991, it soon took a neutral stand on most international disputes and in regard to its general political alignment. Its first president favoured neutrality, and that was the policy of the country practically from the beginning.
But it was only in 1995 that its “permanent neutrality” was declared. On 12 December, 1995, the UN recognised Turkmenistan as a “neutral” country that would not send any troops on UN peacekeeping missions.
Turkmenistan is not part of any military alliance and does not align itself with any other nation or group of nations. In fact, it is basically 100 percent isolated politically. And given the potential conflict between those in Turkmenistan who might sympathise with other countries, this neutral stance, like that of Switzerland, may well keep Turkmenistan out of any future wars.
On Neutrality Day, there are many parades, speeches, concerts, and official ceremonies throughout Turkmenistan. The main patriotic events, however, are held in Ashgabat, the capital.