Asahna Bucha Day is the celebration in Thailand of the “Four Noble Truths” preached by Buddha in his first sermon after his enlightenment. These four noble truths are dukkha, tanha, nibbana, and the eight-fold path.
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Asahna Bucha Day occurs during the first full moon of the eighth month of the Thai lunar calendar, but its timing will vary from year to year on the Gregorian Calendar.
There are many Buddhist holidays that are much celebrated in Thailand, but Asahna Bucha is one of the most important of them. People will visit temples, leaving gifts of candles and flowers for the resident monks. Some young men will also volunteer to become monks themselves.
You will see people marching around temples with lit candles, incense, and lotus flowers. You may also see candlelight processions through various cities of Thailand. As the processions are generally in the evening, lighting candles has long been a key tradition for this holiday.