New Year’s Day is a holiday in Mongolia as part of celebrations that start on New Year’s Eve and reach a high point with the turning of the clock from 11:59pm on 31 December to midnight on 1 January.
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New Year’s Day is a time of resolutions and starting fresh for some, while for others it is spent recovering from a big, late night spent with friends and family.
Mongolia celebrates two New Year’s Days every year: the old tradition of Tsagaan Sar and the relatively new 1 January New Year. The older celebration is based on a lunar calendar, while the modern one uses the Gregorian (Western) calendar.
During the 1930’s, there was a movement to introduce Western New Year, but it didn’t gain much traction. In 1947, the government began to promote the celebration of 1 January in an effort to switch Mongolia to the Western Calendar. The effort was only partially successful, which is one of the reasons that both calendars’ New Year’s Days are celebrated in Mongolia today.