Macau was a Portuguese colony for many years until it was returned to Chinese control in 1999. Therefore, many Roman Catholic traditions and holidays are observed in Macau including the celebration of Immaculate Conception day every 8 December.
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Although most residents of Macau are either irreligious or followers of traditional Eastern religions, about five percent are Christian. Most of the Christians are Roman Catholics.
On Immaculate Conception there are special church services, public religious processions, and a focus on the Catholic doctrine of the immaculate conception, which means a belief the Mary was born without a fallen, sinful nature. This “immaculate” conception is then related to her ability to give birth to the sinless Son of God, Jesus Christ.
Of special note is the service in the Cathedral of the Nativity of Our Lady, which is a main feature of the historic district of Macau and a world heritage site. Also consider visiting the ruins of Saint Paul’s College and of the Church of the Mother of God, which are important historic sites in Macau related to this holiday.