Brunei celebrates Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday on 12 Rabi al-Awwal, the third month of the Islamic Calendar, as do other Sunni Islam countries. Shiites, by contrast, observe the prophet’s birthday five days later on the 17th of the 3rd month.
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The main event in Brunei on Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday, which is often referred to as Maulid-ur-rasul (“birthday of the messenger”), is a large public parade. You may see people dressed up in traditional Malay dress for the occasion, and you will hear marchers chanting out slogans while holding up banners.
People will also attend special services in mosques and read or recite verses from the Koran on this day to help them remember Muhammad’s life and teachings.
While a few sects of Islam, such as Wahabi and Salafi, reject celebrating Muhammad’s birthday as an “innovation”, most Muslims around the world and in Brunei practice it.